Cannabis Sativa is probably the oldest scientific name given to a strain of marijuana that is pure sativa and not hybrid. Cannabis Sativa is one of the native types of marijuana. The word “native race” comes from the danish language and means “origin”. As you may have already guessed, native marijuana strains represent the oldest known cannabis varieties.
Therefore, native varieties are the ancestors of the many different types of hybrids that cannabis users enjoy today. Cannabis strains are pure or hybrid varieties of the plant genus Cannabis, which encompasses species C. The two most commonly cultivated species of the Cannabis genus are Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. A third species, Cannabis ruderalis, is very short and produces only traces of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), so it is not commonly cultivated for industrial, recreational or medicinal use.
However, because Cannabis ruderalis blooms regardless of photoperiod and age, it has been used to breed autoflowering strains. In addition to pure indica, sativa and ruderalis varieties, hybrid varieties with varying proportions of these three types are common, such as the White Widow hybrid, which has approximately 60% indica and 40% sativa ancestry. These hybrid varieties exhibit traits of both parent types. There are also commercial cross-hybrids that contain a mixture of ruderalis, indica or sativa genes, and are generally autoflowering varieties.
These strains are mainly bred for the medical cannabis market, as they are not highly appreciated by recreational cannabis users because ruderalis varieties have a lower THC content and impart a slightly unpleasant taste. Lowryder was an early autoflowering hybrid that maintained the flowering behavior of ruderalis plants, while producing appreciable amounts of THC and CBD. Autoflowering cannabis strains have the advantage of being discreet due to their small stature. They also require shorter growth periods, as well as having the added advantage that they don't rely on a change in photoperiod to determine when to flower.
Strainhunters travel the world to find and collect largely intact autochthonous strains to recover the original genetic material that can be used to develop new strains with. If you get a true native strain, it will most likely be less potent than a strain you find today, as current strains are usually created for greater potency. All of these strains are a cross of two or more varieties of marijuana, as are the vast majority of their parent strains. In other words, it seems likely that the real reason why sativa and indica strains, even the native varieties that have existed for thousands of years, have such different effects is due to another of the active compounds in cannabis: terpenes.
There may come a day when global cannabis markets will open, giving us direct access to native varieties from all over the world, however, until that day, here are some traditional varieties you can find in your local store to keep you. What differentiates native strains from genetically mixed hybrids is their similarity to old marijuana strains. In any case, all current strains are descendants of the original autochthonous strains that grew globally in different geographical regions. For there to be genetic stability within a marijuana strain, the breeder has to go through selection and breeding, identifying the dominant and recessive genes within the two strains that are crossed.