The Ancient Origins of Marijuana: Exploring the First Varieties of Cannabis

Explore ancient marijuana varieties from around the world! Learn about native cannabis Sativa & Indica strains from Indonesia & Nepal & more.

The Ancient Origins of Marijuana: Exploring the First Varieties of Cannabis

The term “local race” comes from the Danish language and means “origin”. Native marijuana strains are the oldest known cannabis varieties, and are the ancestors of the many different types of hybrids that cannabis users enjoy today. Cannabis Sativa is probably the oldest scientific name given to a pure sativa strain that is not hybrid. This variety of marijuana originates from the hills of Aceh, a province of Indonesia.

The Indonesian government has a strict policy on cannabis, similar to its policy on heroin and methamphetamine.Native varieties of Cannabis sativa tend to be much taller (up to 3-4 meters) and thinner than their Indica counterpart, with greater internodal spacing and long, often airy flower clusters, and significant stretching during their very long flowering period. The leaves are thin and have deeply toothed striations. The aroma of Sativa flowers is often described as fruity and floral. These native strains have adapted to a life near the equator with longer summers and more intense sunlight, and cannot mature properly even in temperate northern or southern latitudes.Some famous Sativa strains include Thai, Acapulco Gold, Durban Poison and Panama Red.

Afghani is one of the most recognizable native varieties in the world. This strain stays true to its Indica origins by inducing a long but pleasant high that closes the sofa. It has a beautiful combination of sweet, spicy and skunk aromas. Afghani and Afghani 1 feminized seeds are worth a look for those who love this charming indica.

These strains are known to grow to manageable heights and produce large yields, despite their compact structure.Thai is a pure sativa, meaning it will give you a cerebral and energetic high that is perfect for any waking up and baking. The effects are often uplifting and creative; if you're struggling with some kind of artistic block, a bowl of Thai will surely get you out of it. It's the perfect strain for the productive smoker, but don't smoke it at night unless you're planning to spend the whole night awake! Some great strains made from these legendary genetics include Thai Fantasy, which is very easy to grow outdoors and will withstand harsh conditions due to its robust and vigorous nature; and AK-420, which is a tough, high-yielding specimen that is an excellent choice for any novice grower.Nepalese refers essentially to any strain grown in the region of Nepal, including the country itself and nearby surrounding areas. This environment has imbued Nepalese genetics with super earthy genetics with a touch of berry sweetness.

These strains are known to have the relaxing and stimulating effects of an indica, with the growth profile of a sativa.Cannabis strains are pure or hybrid varieties of the plant genus Cannabis, which encompasses species C. The two most frequently cultivated species of the genus Cannabis are Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. A third species, Cannabis ruderalis, is very short and produces only traces of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), so it is not commonly cultivated for industrial, recreational or medicinal use. However, because Cannabis ruderalis blooms regardless of photoperiod and age, it has been used to breed autoflowering strains.In addition to pure indica, sativa and ruderalis varieties, hybrid varieties with varying proportions of these three types are common, such as the White Widow hybrid, which has approximately 60% indica and 40% sativa ancestry.

These hybrid varieties exhibit traits of both parent types. There are also commercial cross-hybrids that contain a mixture of ruderalis, indica or sativa genes, and are usually autoflowering varieties.These strains are mainly bred for the medical cannabis market, as they are not highly appreciated by recreational cannabis users because ruderalis varieties are lower in THC and impart a slightly unpleasant taste. Lowryder was an early autoflowering hybrid that maintained the flowering behavior of ruderalis plants, while producing appreciable amounts of THC and CBD.Autoflowering cannabis strains have the advantage of being discreet due to their small stature. They also require shorter growth periods, as well as having the added advantage that they don't rely on a change in photoperiod to determine when to bloom.

Different strains can survive in different conditions and, in general, marijuana is quite adaptable.All of these strains are a cross of two or more varieties of marijuana, as are the vast majority of their parent strains. If you get a true native strain, it will most likely be less potent than a strain you find today, as current strains are usually created for greater potency. There may come a day when global cannabis markets will open up direct access to native varieties from all over the world.For there to be genetic stability within a marijuana strain, the breeder has to go through selection and breeding processes in order to identify dominant and recessive genes within two crossed strains. Strainhunters travel around the world in search for practically intact native strains in order to recover original genetic material that can be used for developing new strains.