Cannabis strains have been around since the early 1990s in the United States, when Dutch growers began to popularize them on a large scale. Each strain has a unique concentration of cannabinoids such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), as well as other compounds. There are various types of Cannabis Sativa that originated in different parts of the world, such as Acapulco Gold from Mexico and Panama Red from Central America. To determine if the labels describing cannabis strains actually represent two distinct groups, researchers conducted a study published in Nature Plants.
The results showed that indica and sativa labels are largely meaningless. Today, native strains have been selectively bred and blended to create hybrid strains with higher THC levels, shorter growth times, and higher yields. Different strains can survive in different conditions, and marijuana is quite adaptable. Most hybrid strains come from a long line of artificial selection, but it all started with one or more native strains.
There are plenty of resources available online, such as Weedmaps strain finder, Wikileaf, and Leafly, if you want to learn more about cannabis strains.
Native StrainsBefore the emergence of strong hybrid strains in legal recreational states, there were native strains. These are the original cannabis varieties that have been around for centuries. They are known for their unique characteristics and effects, and they can be found in many parts of the world.
In order to improve the diversity and quality of cannabis strains in the future, careful selection is necessary. This will require knowledge of past strains and their characteristics.